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Ciloxan

ciprofloxacin ointment and solution

DIN (Drug Identification Number)

01945270     CILOXAN 0.3% OPHTHALMIC SOLUTION
02200864     CILOXAN 0.3% OPHTHALMIC OINTMENT

  • How does this medication work? What will it do for me?

      Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as quinolones. Ciprofloxacin ointment or solution is used for the treatment of infections of the eye caused by certain types of bacteria.

      This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.

      Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are using this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.

      Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.

  • What form(s) does this medication come in?

      Ointment

      Each gram of ophthalmic ointment contains 3 mg of ciprofloxacin. Nonmedicinal ingredients: mineral oil and white petrolatum.

      Solution

      Each mL of ophthalmic solution contains 3 mg of ciprofloxacin. It also contains benzalkonium chloride 0.006% as preservative. Nonmedicinal ingredients: acetic acid, edetate disodium, hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide, mannitol, purified water, and sodium acetate.

  • How should I use this medication?

      Ointment: Apply a 1.25 cm (half-inch) ribbon of ointment into the inside of the lower eyelid as directed by your doctor. (The directions will vary according to the condition being treated.) Avoid touching the tip of the tube to anything, as this can cause contamination.

      Drops: Use 1 or 2 drops in the affected eye(s) as directed by your doctor for conjunctivitis or corneal ulcer. Avoid touching the tip of the bottle to anything, as this can cause contamination.

      Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as age, body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are using the medication without consulting your doctor.

      It is important to apply this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, apply it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not apply a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

      Store this medication at room temperature and keep it out of the reach of children.

      Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.

  • Who should NOT take this medication?

      Do not use this medication if you:

      • are allergic to ciprofloxacin or any ingredients of the medication
      • are allergic to nalidixic acid or other quinolones (e.g., norfloxacin, levofloxacin, and ofloxacin)
  • What side effects are possible with this medication?

      Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.

      The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.

      The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people using this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.

      Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.

      • crystals in the corner of the eye
      • noticeable taste or change in taste
      • stinging, burning, irritation of the eye

      Although most of these side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.

      Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

      • crusting at the lid margin
      • increased sensitivity of eyes to light
      • swelling of the eye

      Stop using the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:

      • allergic reaction (skin rash, hives, itching)
      • reduced vision
      • worsening headache or eye pain

      Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are using this medication.

  • Are any nutrients depleted by this medication?

      Some medications can affect vitamin and nutrient levels in the body. Below is a list of nutrient depletions associated with this medication. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about whether taking a supplement is recommended or if you have any questions or concerns.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin B1

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, helps the body convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy. It also helps the body with normal growth, and is needed to keep your nervous system functioning properly, help produce cellular energy, and make chemical messengers that are involved in mood.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin B1 deficiency. Vitamin B1 is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin B2

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is a nutrient that plays a vital role in metabolism and energy production by converting carbohydrates, fats, and protein to energy. Vitamin B2 acts as an antioxidant and is beneficial for the healthy growth of skin, hair, and nails.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin B2 deficiency. Vitamin B2 is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin B3

      How can this nutrient depletion affect me?
      Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, is a nutrient vital to cellular energy production and metabolism - maintaining the function of every cell in the body. It plays an important role in blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin B3 deficiency. Vitamin B3 is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin B6

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, is a nutrient vital to metabolism and energy production as it helps produce blood cells, and certain brain chemicals. It is required for the proper functioning of over 60 enzymes in the body. Low levels of vitamin B6 can have a variety of symptoms including depression, sleep disturbances, decreased alertness, and nerve inflammation.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin B6 deficiency. Vitamin B6 is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin B12

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Vitamin B12, also known as cyancobalamin or cobalamin, is involved in the body's metabolism, DNA synthesis, and the maturation of red blood cells. It also helps maintain the nervous system. Vitamin B12 deficiency is most common in people on meatless diets since it is not found in grains, fruits, or vegetables.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete vitamin K

      How can this nutrient depletion affect me?
      Vitamin K is a nutrient that can be made by bacteria in the gut. Vitamin K plays a vital role in blood clotting and bone formation.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete calcium

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Calcium is a mineral nutrient needed for the growth and maintenance of bones and teeth, especially in children, during pregnancy, and while breast-feeding. It helps prevent bone loss and osteoporosis, and it plays an important role in muscles and blood clotting. Calcium deficiency can result in softening of bone or an increase in the risk of bone fractures.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about calcium deficiency. Calcium is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete magnesium

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Magnesium is a nutrient important to the body's metabolism, energy production, and detoxification. It also is involved in the production of some hormones as well as healthy bones and teeth. Magnesium helps to control blood pressure and maintain heart health.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about magnesium deficiency. Magnesium is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete iron

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Iron is a nutrient that is vital to the function of red blood cells in transporting oxygen throughout the body. It also plays a role in the body's immune system, metabolism, and energy production.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about iron deficiency. Iron is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete folic acid

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Folic acid is a nutrient that is vital to the production and development of new cells. It is important for the production, repair, and functioning of DNA for all cells. Folic acid deficiency is a serious concern during pregnancies since it increases the risk of birth defects. Anemia can also occur due to folic acid deficiency.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about folic acid deficiency. Folic acid is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete zinc

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Zinc is a mineral vital to enzyme function and so has a major role in many biological processes. It is involved in DNA synthesis, wound healing, immunity, normal growth and maturation, plus regulating taste, smell, and vision. Depletion of zinc is also common in some medical conditions, including alcoholism, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), and liver and kidney diseases.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about zinc deficiency. Zinc is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

      Ciloxan may deplete biotin

      How can this nutrient deficiency affect me?
      Biotin, also known as vitamin H, is a nutrient that plays an important role in energy production and the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. It also is involved in maintaining healthy hair and fingernails.

      What can I do about this?
      Talk to your pharmacist about biotin deficiency. Biotin is available in supplement form. Before starting any nutrient supplement, always talk with your pharmacist first.

  • Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?

      Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.

      Allergy: Stop using ciprofloxacin at the first sign of allergy (e.g., a skin rash) and contact your doctor.

      Blurred Vision: This medication may cause a temporary blurring of vision. If your vison becomes blurred, do not drive or operate machinery until your vision has cleared.

      Contact lenses: Avoid wearing contact lenses while you have signs and symptoms of an eye infection. The preservative in this medication can also cause discolouration of soft contact lenses.

      Overgrowth of organisms: Prolonged use of ciprofloxacin eye solution or ointment may result in overgrowth of organisms not killed by the medication, including fungi.

      Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of the use of ciprofloxacin eye solution or ointment by pregnant women. It should be used by pregnant women only if, in the doctor's opinion, the benefit clearly outweighs any potential unknown risks.

      Breast-feeding: It is not known if ciprofloxacin eye solution or ointment passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking this medication, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.

      Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children under one year of age.

  • What other drugs could interact with this medication?

      It is not known specifically whether ciprofloxacin eye ointment or solution will interact with other medications. However, when taken by mouth or intravenously (i.e. injected into a vein), there may be an interaction between ciprofloxacin and any of the following:

      • cyclosporine
      • theophylline
      • warfarin

      If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:

      • stop taking one of the medications,
      • change one of the medications to another,
      • change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
      • leave everything as is.

      An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.

      Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.

      All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2019. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Ciloxan

All material © 1996-2019 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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