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Matricaria recutita, Chamomilla recutita
chamomile, German chamomile
How is this product usually used?
- dried flower: 6 g to 12 g per day
- infusioninfusionthe process of steeping or soaking plant material in hot or cold water to isolate its active ingredient: 6 g to 12 g dried flower, per day
- fluid extract: 1 g to 4 g dried equivalent, 3 times per day (1:1, 45% ethanol, 1 mL to 4 mL)
- tincturetincturea desired active ingredient that is extracted from alcoholic solution: 1.5 g to 6 g dried equivalent per day (1:2, 3 mL to 12 mL) or 1.8 g to 4 g dried equivalent per day (1:5, 9 mL to 20 mL)
- solid or semi-solid preparation: 3% to 10% dried flower w/w or equivalent
- compresses, rinses: 3% to 10% dried flower w/v or equivalent
- 3% to 10% dried flower w/v or equivalent
The flowering tops of the chamomile plant are used to make teas, liquid extractextractto get, separate, or isolate a desired active ingredients, capsules, or tablets. The herb can also be applied to the skin as a cream or an ointment, or used as a mouth rinse.
In general the doses are:
What is this product used for?
Chamomile has been widely used in children and adults for thousands of years for a variety of health conditions.
The herb is often used for sleeplessness, anxiety, and gastrointestinal conditions such as upset stomach, gas, and diarrhea.
It is used topicallytopicallyto be applied on the skin for skin conditions and for mouth ulcers resulting from cancer treatment.
Your health care provider may have recommended this product for other conditions. Contact a health care provider if you have questions.
What else should I be aware of?
Chamomile has not been well studied with people so there is little evidence to support its use for any condition.
Some clinical studies point to chamomile's possible benefits for anxiety.
In combination with other herbs, chamomile may be of some benefit for upset stomach, for diarrhea in children, and for infants with colic.
There are reports of rare allergic reactions in people who have eaten or come into contact with chamomile products. Reactions include skin rashes, throat swelling, shortness of breath, and anaphylaxis (a life-threatening allergic reaction).
People are more likely to experience allergic reactions to chamomile if they are allergic to related plants in the daisy family, which includes ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies.
Chamomile can interact with some medications. It increases sedativesedativean agent that induces sleep, relaxes, and reduces tension effects of benzodiazepines (e.g., clonazepam, diazepam), and opiate analgesics (e.g., morphine). Chamomile may also increase the effects of warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding. Theoretically, it may interfere with contraceptive medications and hormone replacement therapy.
Before taking any new medications, including natural health products, speak to your physician, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Tell your health care provider about any natural health products you may be taking.
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Herbs at a Glance. Chamomile. http://nccam.nih.gov/health/chamomile/
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